Publication: Soil Research
Author(s): B. Simmonds; R.W. McDowell; L.M. Condron
Soil moisture and Olsen P concentrations play an important role in phosphorus (P) losses in runoff. Our hypotheses were as follows: (1) rainfall applied to a dry soil would cause greater particulate P losses in surface runoff due to hydrophobicity; (2) P losses from a wet soil would be dominated by drainage and filtered P; and (3) both runoff processes would result in environmentally unacceptable P losses at agronomically productive Olsen P concentrations depending on the sorption capacity of the soil. Compared with dry Organic soil, the wet Brown soil lost a greater proportion of TP as particulate via surface runoff. However the most important pathway for the Organic soil, wet or dry, was filtered P loss in drainage. These data can be used to more effectively target strategies to mitigate P losses.